Georgia could see dual runoffs — and keep narrow door open for Democrats to win Senate
● GA-Sen-A: As more and more absentee votes have been tallied in Georgia, not only has the race for president narrowed considerably, but the odds of a runoff in the Peach State's regularly scheduled Senate race have grown, creating the possibility that control of the Senate could come down to an extraordinary double runoff on Jan. 5.
With 4.8 million ballots counted as of late Wednesday night, Republican Sen. David Perdue was sitting on 50.2% of the vote, just above the majority needed to avoid a second round. Together, Democrat Jon Ossoff, who has 47.5%, and Libertarian Shane Hazel, who's sitting at 2.3%, need to net just under 15,000 votes in order to push Perdue under 50% and force him into a runoff with Ossoff.
That target kept shrinking over the course of the day Wednesday as officials counted absentee votes, about 90,000 of which remained to be tallied when we put the Digest to bed—the vast majority in Democratic-leaning counties. Further updates are reportedly not expected until 10:30 AM ET, but with many election officials working hard late into the night, it's possible that whether or not we have a runoff could be decided before the sun rises.
If Perdue does in fact finish below that critical majority threshold, Ossoff will do battle once more in early January alongside fellow Democrat Raphael Warnock, who advanced to a runoff with Republican Sen. Kelly Loeffler in the special election for Georgia's other Senate seat.
At the moment, Democrats and Republicans have each won 48 seats in the Senate, though Republicans are likely to wind up with 50 once races in North Carolina and Alaska are called (see our Uncalled Races section below). Should we wind up with a 50-48 Senate favoring the GOP and two runoffs in January, Democrats could seize control of the chamber if they can flip both seats in the event that Joe Biden wins the White House, allowing Kamala Harris to break ties. If that happens, an already wild election season will come to an even wilder finish in Georgia two months from now.
You can stay on top of of all uncalled Senate and House races with our key races tracker, which we'll be updating continually until every last race is settled.
Here's where things stand in the key Senate races that the Associated Press had not called as of Wednesday night:
- AK-Sen: Republican Sen. Dan Sullivan leads independent Al Gross 62-32 with 191,000 votes counted. At least 133,000 absentee and early votes have not yet been counted, and that number will grow since ballots are valid so long as they are postmarked by Election Day and received by Nov. 13. Absentees will not be counted until next week.
- NC-Sen: Republican Sen. Thom Tillis leads Democrat Cal Cunningham 49-47 with 5.4 million votes counted. The North Carolina Board of Elections says that about 116,000 absentee ballots remain outstanding, though it's not clear how many have been returned. Ballots are valid so long as they are postmarked by Election Day and received by Nov. 12. The News & Observer reports that final tallies will not be known "until next week."
And here's where things stand in the key House races that the Associated Press had not called as of Wednesday night. Currently, Democrats have won or lead in 219 races and Republicans have won or lead in 216 (see our "Summary" tab here). Several of these results are bound to shift, however, as additional votes are tallied.
- AK-AL: Republican Rep. Don Young leads independent Alyse Galvin 63-37 with 190,000 votes counted.
- AZ-01: Democratic Rep. Tom O'Halleran leads Republican Tiffany Shedd 52-48 with 310,000 votes counted.
- AZ-06: Republican Rep. David Schweikert leads Democrat Hiral Tipirneni 50.4-49.6 with 352,000 votes counted.
- CA-04: Republican Rep. Tom McClintock leads Democrat Brynne Kennedy 53-47 with 327,000 votes counted.
- CA-21: Republican David Valadao leads Democratic Rep. TJ Cox 51-49 with 110,000 votes counted.
- CA-25: Democrat Christy Smith leads Republican Rep. Mike Garcia 50.3-49.7 with 271,000 votes counted.
- CA-39: Republican Young Kim leads Democratic Rep. Gil Cisneros 50.3-49.7 with 275,000 votes counted.
- CA-48: Republican Michelle Steel leads Democratic Rep. Harley Rouda 50.4-49.6 with 340,000 votes counted.
- CA-50: Republican Darrell Issa leads Democrat Ammar Campa-Najjar 52-48 with 261,000 votes counted for this GOP-held open seat.
- GA-07: Democrat Carolyn Bourdeaux leads Republican Rich McCormick 51-49 with 362,000 votes counted for this GOP-held open seat.
- IA-02: Republican Mariannette Miller-Meeks leads Democrat Rita Hart 50.04-49.96, a margin of 282 votes, with 393,000 votes counted for this Democratic-held open seat.
- IL-14: Republican Jim Oberweis leads Democratic Rep. Lauren Underwood 50.1-49.9 with 377,000 votes counted.
- IL-17: Democratic Rep. Cheri Bustos leads Republican Esther Joy King 52-48 with 296,000 votes counted.
- MI-11: Democratic Rep. Haley Stevens leads Republican Eric Esshaki 50-48 with 438,000 votes counted.
- MN-01: Republican Rep. Jim Hagedorn leads Democrat Dan Feehan 49-46 with 366,000 votes counted.
- MN-02: Democratic Rep. Angie Craig leads Republican Tyler Kistner 48-46 with 423,000 votes counted.
- NJ-02: Republican Rep. Jeff Van Drew leads Democrat Amy Kennedy 51-47 with 279,000 votes counted.
- NV-03: Democratic Rep. Susie Lee leads Republican Dan Rodimer 48-47 with 349,000 votes counted.
- NV-04: Democratic Rep. Steven Horsford leads Republican Jim Marchant 50-47 with 279,000 votes counted.
- NY-01: Republican Rep. Lee Zeldin leads Democrat Nancy Goroff 61-39 with 288,000 votes counted. New York has not counted any absentee ballots yet and likely won't start tallying them for some time, possibly a week or more. Final results could take many weeks, as was the case following the state's June primary.
- NY-02: Republican Andrew Garbarino leads Democrat Jackie Gordon 58-41 with 268,000 votes counted for this GOP-held open seat.
- NY-03: Republican George Santos leads Democratic Rep. Tom Suozzi 50-49 with 273,000 votes counted.
- NY-11: Republican Nicole Malliotakis leads Democratic Rep. Max Rose 58-42 with 236,000 votes counted.
- NY-22: Republican Claudia Tenney leads Democratic Rep. Anthony Brindisi 55-43 with 249,000 votes counted.
- NY-24: Republican Rep. John Katko leads Democrat Dana Balter 58-38 with 266,000 votes counted.
- PA-07: Republican Lisa Scheller leads Democratic Rep. Susan Wild 51-49 with 326,000 votes counted. Absentee ballots, which have disproportionately favored Democrats, were still being tallied in Pennsylvania on Wednesday. Secretary of State Kathy Boockvar said Wednesday evening that she expects the "overwhelming majority" of ballots to be counted by Thursday.
- PA-08: Republican Jim Bognet leads Democratic Rep. Matt Cartwright 51-49 with 301,000 votes counted.
- PA-10: Republican Rep. Scott Perry leads Democrat Eugene DePasquale 55-45 with 357,000 votes counted.
- PA-17: Republican Sean Parnell leads Democratic Rep. Conor Lamb 51-49 with 383,000 votes counted.
- TX-24: Republican Beth Van Duyne leads Democrat Candace Valenzuela 49-47 with 339,000 votes counted for this GOP-held open seat.
- UT-04: Democratic Rep. Ben McAdams leads Republican Burgess Owens 48-47 with 242,000 votes counted.
- VA-07: Democratic Rep. Abigail Spanberger leads Republican Nick Freitas 51-49 with 450,000 votes counted.
- WA-03: Republican Rep. Jaime Herrera Beutler leads Democrat Carolyn Long 55-45 with 341,000 votes counted.
SENATE, GUBERNATORIAL, HOUSE
The following notable Senate, House, and governor races were called by the Associated Press after midnight on election night:
- AZ-Sen: Democrat Mark Kelly has defeated Republican Sen. Martha McSally, flipping this seat to the Democrats.
- ME-Sen: Republican Sen. Susan Collins has defeated Democratic challenger Sara Gideon.
- MI-Sen: Democratic Sen. Gary Peters has defeated Republican challenger John James.
- MN-Sen: Democratic Sen. Tina Smith has defeated Republican challenger Jason Lewis.
- MT-Sen: Republican Sen. Steve Daines has defeated Democratic challenger Steve Bullock.
- NM-Sen: Democrat Ben Ray Lujan has defeated Republican Mark Ronchetti, holding this open seat for the Democrats.
- MT-Gov: Republican Greg Gianforte has defeated Democrat Mike Cooney, flipping this open seat to the GOP.
- CO-03: Republican Lauren Boebert, who unseated Rep. Scott Tipton in the GOP primary earlier this year, has defeated Democrat Diane Mitsch Busch, holding this open seat for the GOP.
- GA-06: Freshman Democratic Rep. Lucy McBath has defeated Republican challenger Karen Handel in a rematch of their 2018 race.
- IA-01: Republican Ashley Hinson has defeated freshman Democratic Rep. Abby Finkenauer, flipping this seat to the GOP.
- IA-03: Freshman Democratic Rep. Cindy Axne has defeated Republican challenger David Young in a rematch of their 2018 race.
- IN-05: Republican Victoria Spartz has defeated Democrat Christina Hale, holding this open seat for the GOP.
- ME-02: Freshman Democratic Rep. Jared Golden has defeated Republican Dale Crafts. Golden won despite Donald Trump carrying the electoral vote for Maine's 2nd District.
- MI-03: Republican Peter Meijer has defeated Democrat Hillary Scholten, flipping this seat, which is held by retiring Libertarian Rep. Justin Amash, to the GOP.
- MI-06: Republican Rep. Fred Upton has defeated Democratic challenger Jon Hoadley.
- MI-08: Freshman Democratic Rep. Elissa Slotkin has defeated Republican challenger Paul Junge.
- MN-07: Republican Michelle Fischbach has defeated Democratic Rep. Collin Peterson, flipping this seat to the GOP.
- MT-AL: Republican Matt Rosendale has defeated Democrat Kathleen Williams, holding this open seat for the GOP.
- NJ-03: Freshman Democratic Rep. Andy Kim has defeated Republican challenger David Richter.
- NJ-07: Freshman Democratic Rep. Tom Malinowski has defeated Republican challenger Tom Kean.
- NM-02: Republican Yvette Herrell has defeated freshman Democratic Rep. Xochitl Torres Small, flipping this seat to the GOP in a rematch of their 2018 race.
- NE-02: Republican Rep. Don Bacon has defeated Democratic challenger Kara Eastman in a rematch of their 2018 race. Bacon won despite Joe Biden carrying the electoral vote for Nebraska's 2nd District.
- OK-05: Republican Stephanie Bice has defeated freshman Democratic Rep. Kendra Horn, flipping this seat to the GOP.
- PA-01: Republican Rep. Brian Fitzpatrick has defeated Democratic challenger Christina Finello.
- PA-06: Freshman Democratic Rep. Chrissy Houlahan has defeated Republican challenger John Emmons.
- SC-01: Republican Nancy Mace has defeated freshman Democratic Rep. Joe Cunningham, flipping this seat to the GOP.
- TX-06: Republican Rep. Ron Wright has defeated Democratic challenger Stephen Daniel.
- TX-07: Freshman Democratic Rep. Lizzie Fletcher has defeated Republican challenger Wesley Hunt.
- TX-10: Republican Rep. Michael McCaul has defeated Democratic challenger Mike Siegel.
- TX-21: Freshman Republican Rep. Chip Roy has defeated Democratic challenger Wendy Davis.
- TX-22: Republican Troy Nehls has defeated Democratic challenger Sri Preston Kulkarni, holding this seat open seat for the GOP.
- TX-23: Republican Tony Gonzales has defeated Democrat Gina Ortiz Jones, holding this open seat for the GOP.
- VA-02: Freshman Democratic Rep. Elaine Luria has defeated Republican Scott Taylor in a rematch of their 2018 race.
- TX-25: Republican Rep. Roger Williams has defeated Democratic challenger Julie Oliver.
- VA-05: Republican Bob Good, who unseated GOP Rep. Denver Riggleman for his party's nomination in a convention earlier this year, has defeated Democrat Cameron Webb, holding this open seat for the GOP.
- WA-10: Democrat Marilyn Strickland has defeated fellow Democrat Beth Doglio in the race to succeed retiring Rep. Denny Heck. (Heck, by the way, defeated fellow Democrat Marko Liias in the open-seat race for Washington's lieutenant governor.)
- WI-03: Democratic Rep. Ron Kind has defeated Republican challenger Derrick Van Orden.
● State Legislatures: Tuesday night was a big disappointment for Democrats at the state legislative level, especially since this is the last election before the 2020s redistricting cycle. Via the National Conference for State Legislatures, the legislative chambers below are still in doubt. Democrats failed to flip other targeted chambers such as the Iowa House, Minnesota Senate, North Carolina Senate and House, and Texas House.
- Alaska: Republicans have again won majorities of seats in the state House and Senate. However, it's still possible that moderate Republicans will side with Democrats and independents to form new bipartisan coalitions in either chamber, as has been the case in the House for the last four years.
- Arizona: Enough races to decide majority control in both chambers are undecided. Democrats still have a chance to flip one or both chambers from GOP control, though later-counted votes have largely favored Republicans.
- Michigan: Control over the state House is still undecided as we are waiting on absentee ballots that lean heavily Democratic. Democrats are hoping to overcome GOP gerrymandering to flip the state House. The state Senate is only up in midterm years.
- New Hampshire: Republicans regained their majorities with an assist from their gerrymanders, giving them full control over state government heading into redistricting. Republicans also regained control over the state Executive Council, which is key for certain legislation and approving executive appointments such as giving the GOP a new majority on the state Supreme Court.
- Pennsylvania: Control over the state House is still undecided as we are waiting on absentee ballots that lean heavily Democratic. Democrats are hoping to overcome GOP gerrymandering to flip the state House. Republicans likely cemented their majority in the state Senate, though many absentee ballots are still remaining to be counted for that chamber too.
● CA Ballot: Ride-share giants Uber and Lyft scored a big victory in the most expensive most expensive ballot measure campaign in Californian—and perhaps American—history when voters backed Proposition 22 by a 58-42 margin.
The passage of Prop. 22 designates drivers for "App-Based Transportation and Delivery Companies" as independent contractors with some benefits rather than as employees. Uber, Lyft, and delivery companies like DoorDash spent more than $200 million to pass Prop. 22, while labor groups were only to muster up a tenth of that in opposition.
● FL Ballot: A proposed constitutional amendment to establish a top-two primary system in state-level races failed to muster up quite enough support to pass. Amendment 3 earned 57% of the vote on Tuesday, which was short of the 60% that constitutional amendments need in Florida.
Unfortunately, though, a 79-21 majority approved Amendment 1, which will rewrite the Florida constitution to emphasize that "only a citizen" may vote instead of "every citizen." While Amendment 1 doesn't alter the status quo, it prevents local governments from experimenting with letting legal permanent residents who lack citizenship vote in local elections, something a handful of small localities in the U.S. and many European democracies already allow.
● MS Ballot: Mississippi voted 78-22 for Measure 2, which repeals a provision of the state's Jim Crow-era constitution that deliberately penalizes Black voters and the Democrats they support in elections for statewide office. The new law requires candidates for posts like governor or attorney general to take a majority of the vote in the general election in order to win outright; if no one hits this threshold, a runoff would take place between the top-two vote-getters.
This new system, though, is still bad for Team Blue because a runoff could lead to a disproportionate drop in Democratic turnout, but it's better than the 1890 law it replaces. Until now, statewide candidates needed to win not only a majority of the vote but also a majority of the state House's 122 districts. If no candidate surpassed both thresholds, the members of the House would choose the winner, and there was nothing to stop them from picking the person who lost the popular vote.
Voters also supported Measure 3, which will adopt a new state flag, by a 72-28 margin. Earlier this year, GOP Gov. Tate Reeves signed a bill that retired the 126-year-old state flag, which prominently displayed the Confederate battle emblem, in the face of a boycott by the NCAA and SEC. The Commission to Redesign the Mississippi State Flag was tasked with designing a new flag, and it settled on one with a magnolia in the center and the words "In God We Trust" below; the design was approved by voters on Tuesday.
● St. Louis, MO Ballot: Voters in the city of St. Louis supported Proposition D, a ballot measure to make it only the second municipality in America to adopt an "approval voting" system for its local elections, by a strong 68-32 margin. Approval voting will be used for the first time early next year when Democratic Mayor Lyda Krewson is up for a second term.
As we've written before in the Voting Rights Roundup, all the contenders will face off on one nonpartisan ballot, and voters could cast as many votes as there are candidates, with up to one vote per candidate. The top-two vote-getters will then advance to a general election.
The goal of this method of voting is to eliminate the "spoiler" problem, where a candidate wins without majority support only because their opposition was divided. The approval approach attempts to ensure that the most broadly acceptable candidate prevails. Fargo, North Dakota is the only other American city that uses approval voting, though unlike the St. Louis system, there is no runoff there.
● Miami-Dade County, FL Mayor: Sunshine State Democrats got a bright spot on an otherwise dreary Tuesday when Daniella Levine Cava defeated Republican Steve Bovo 54-46, a result that makes her the first woman to lead Florida's largest county. Levine Cava is also the first Democrat to hold this office since 2004.
● Redistricting: Here's our look at where control over 2020s redistricting stands as of now, which is shaping up to be bleak for Democrats—and democracy:
Democrats failed to gain key legislative chambers in 2020 and break the GOP's full control over Florida, Georgia, Iowa, North Carolina, or Texas, and the Kansas GOP's supermajorities so that they could uphold the Democratic governor's vetoes there. Democrats also gained just one of the two Ohio Supreme Court seats needed for a 4-3 majority that could have curtailed GOP gerrymandering there, while Republicans swept every Supreme Court in Texas to maintain their 9-0 majority. Democrats also failed to win the governor's office or break the GOP's legislative supermajorities to stop a GOP congressional gerrymander in Missouri.
Democrats' only substantial gain so far was with gaining Oregon's secretary of state office, which ensures they will control legislative redistricting instead of potentially letting the GOP gerrymander. Democrats did gain a 4-3 majority on Michigan's Supreme Court in addition to Democratic Gov. Gretchen Whitmer's existing veto power, though the ability of both to stop the GOP legislature from gerrymandering could be threatened by the U.S. Supreme Court.
One small bit of good news is that Team Blue appears to have stopped the GOP from gaining a filibuster-proof majority that would let them gerrymander Nebraska, though the GOP could always end the filibuster with a simple majority if its various factions can overcome their differences, which is not guaranteed. Democrats additionally stopped the GOP from gaining gerrymandered supermajorities in Wisconsin, but the GOP's state Supreme Court majority there may yet strip Democratic Gov. Tony Evers of his power to veto new gerrymanders.
Finally for Team Blue, New Jersey voters also approved Democrats' cynical ballot measure that will likely postpone legislative redistricting from 2021 to the 2023 elections. That ballot measure was intended to protect Democratic incumbents both in the primary and general, and while partisan control was unlikely to be at stake in such a blue state, maintaining lines based on the 2010 census hurts New Jersey's growing Asian and Latino populations.
Instead of Democrats making major inroads, Republicans actually gained ground by regaining their gerrymandered majorities in both chambers to assume full control over New Hampshire. Republicans also gained enough seats to deny Democrats and the left-wing Progressive Party the two-thirds supermajority they had enjoyed in Vermont's state House (they failed to break the Democratic-Progressive Senate supermajority). Independents now hold the key to overriding GOP Gov. Phil Scott's vetoes, but that looks very unlikely for redistricting and other issues in a state where bipartisan comity remains a rare holdout.
Missouri voters also passed the GOP's deceptive ballot measure that will roll back 2018's legislative redistricting reform, ensuring that even its bipartisan legislative commission will enact legislative maps that give the GOP an undue advantage. Finally, Republicans have gained at least one North Carolina Supreme Court seat and tentatively lead in two more, potentially cutting the 6-1 Democratic majority down to 4-3 Democratic and weakening a check against their gerrymanders, though many provisional and absentee ballots are yet to be counted and likely lean Democratic
While Virginians voted to create a bipartisan redistricting commission that would prevent Democratic gerrymandering, which should ensure that the legislative districts are relatively fair for 2021, the inability of Democrats to control congressional redistricting there only further cements the GOP's national advantage when red states don't similarly follow suit.
At the national level, Democrats failed to gain enough seats outright to win the Senate, though they may yet do so in Jan. 5 runoffs in Georgia depending on the uncalled GA-Sen-A seat held by GOP Sen. David Perdue; Perdue currently holds just over a majority of the vote with many mail votes left to count. If Democrats don't take the Senate, they can't pass HR 1 and ban congressional gerrymandering nationally. Nor can they reform the Supreme Court and get it to stop enabling GOP gerrymanders.
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