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Obama vows new bid to shut Guantanamo

Activists demand the closing of the US military's detention facility in Guantanamo, April 11, 2013 in New York City
A person dressed in an orange jumpsuit and black hood joins activists to demand the closing of the US military's detention facility in Guantanamo during a protest, April 11, 2013 in New York's Times Square. US President Barack Obama vowed Tuesday to make

President Barack Obama vowed Tuesday to renew a push to close the US military prison in Guantanamo Bay, amid a growing hunger strike by inmates at the controversial jail.

Calling the prison a legal "no man's land," Obama told a White House news conference he did not want any inmates to die and urged Congress to help him find a long-term solution that would allow for prosecuting terror suspects while shuttering Guantanamo.

"I continue to believe we have to close Guantanamo. I think it is critical for us to understand that Guantanamo is not necessary to keep America safe.

"It is expensive. It is inefficient. It hurts us in terms of our international standing. It lessens cooperation with our allies on counterterrorism efforts. It is a recruiting tool for extremists.

"It needs to be closed," he said.

His tough words were the most extensive the president has delivered on Guantanamo for months and reflected his frustration with Congress, which he blamed for blocking his efforts to shut the jail during his first term.

A spreading hunger strike among inmates, who are protesting their indefinite detention without charges or trials, has put Guantanamo back in the headlines and placed Obama in a difficult position.

The US president said it was "not a surprise to me" that there were "problems" at Guantanamo.

US President Barack Obama listens to a question at the White House April 30, 2013 in Washington
US President Barack Obama listens during a press conference in the Briefing Room of the White House April 30, 2013 in Washington.

Out of 166 inmates held at the prison at the remote US naval base in southeastern Cuba, 100 are on hunger strike, according to the latest tally from military officers. And of those, 21 detainees are being fed through nasal tubes.

"I don't want these individuals to die.

"Obviously, the Pentagon is trying to manage the situation as best as they can, but I think all of us should reflect on why exactly are we doing this," he said.

Obama has long argued for prosecuting enemy combatants in civilian courts and transferring those cleared of wrongdoing to their home countries.

As a candidate in 2008, Obama pledged to close the jail and announced plans to close Guantanamo immediately after entering office in 2009.

But a majority of lawmakers, particularly Republicans, have insisted the jail should stay open, that the detainees are too dangerous to hold on the US mainland and that the suspects should only be tried before military tribunals.

Obama said he would try again to persuade Congress to find a way to close the Guantanamo prison, which was set up by his predecessor, George W. Bush, to hold those captured in Afghanistan and elsewhere after the attacks of September 11, 2001.

"I'm going to reengage with Congress to try to make the case that this is not something that's in the best interest of the American people. And it is not sustainable."

Obama warned the situation would only get worse and said it made no sense to hold more than 100 people in a "no man's land" indefinitely -- even after the withdrawal of US forces from Iraq and soon in Afghanistan.

It is "contrary to who we are and our interests and it needs to stop," Obama said, adding: "It is a hard case to make."

Rights groups, which have long branded the prison as a legal "black hole," welcomed Obama's remarks.

"The writing is on the wall. It's time for the failed Guantanamo experiment to end and for our nation to return to the values that have kept us strong," Daphne Eviatar of Human Rights First said in a statement.

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