Even Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs -- particularly the Dwarfs -- would have had trouble last month in the Worcester, Mass. courtroom of federal Judge Nathaniel M. Gorton. In a preliminary injunction issued May 5, Gorton struck a judicial blow against â€œwhistling while you workâ€� -- when it expresses union solidarity on the job.
Gortonâ€™s order banning the use of â€œwhistles, clackers, or any other noise-making deviceâ€� by members of Communications Workers Local 1365 came in response to a lawsuit filed against the union by OFS/Fitel, a fiber optic cable manufacturer formerly owned by Lucent Technologies.
CWAâ€™s contract with the company -- covering 125 workers in Sturbridge, Mass. and 500 more in Norcross, Ga. -- is scheduled to expire on May 31. As part of a workplace mobilization campaign that began in February, stewards and other members in Sturbridge used noisemakers distributed by Local 1365 to express their collective dissatisfaction with the lack of progress in contract negotiations.
After several months of shop-floor skirmishing, management filed suit claiming that these tactics disrupted production and violated the no-strike clause of the contract. A series of imaginative affidavits from OFS supervisors were submitted to the court in support of the companyâ€™s claims.
Several bosses alleged that mobilization-related noise in the plant was so loud that they couldnâ€™t issue instructions, take phone calls, or conduct shift change meetings. â€�The whistling begins when I enter the area and continues until I leave,â€� complained one supervisor. Another reported that â€œafter being subjected to this noise for about four hours, I developed a severe migraine headache, forcing me to leave the facility at noon and resort to medication.â€�
For engineer Victor Cusinello, â€œthe whistling and clacking [became]so incessant that I needed to take three vacation days to recover from the stress it caused me.â€� Managers also claimed that employees blew whistles over loudspeaker systems, attempted to imitate equipment alarms by whistling, and â€œoften concealed themselves when blowing their whistles, making it difficult to identify the culprits.â€�
Flimsy as this evidence was, it swayed Judge Gorton, brother of the conservative Republican former U.S. Senator from Washington, Slade Gorton.
â€œClearly, the whistling and clacking disturbs the workplace and disrupts communications,â€� the judge ruled. â€�While production at the Sturbridge plant may have increased in the past quarter, there is no evidence that it would not have been even better absent defendantsâ€™ disruptive behavior.â€�
According to Gorton, the unionâ€™s protest became particularly objectionable when â€œthe volume and frequency of the disturbanceâ€� increased following a management disciplinary crackdown in March that led to three suspensions. The judge found that union members then failed to â€œfile a grievance or seek arbitration with respect to their right to whistle in support of the union during work hours.â€� On the other hand, grievances were filed (along with Labor Board charges) over the suspension cases, thus creating â€œan arbitrable disputeâ€� that should not, according to the judge, also be the subject of direct action on the shop floor, plant gate rallies, or informational picketing of the sort sponsored by CWA.
To top it all off, Gorton departed from the usual standard for granting injunctive relief -- the likelihood of â€œirreparable harmâ€� -- by issuing his restraining order based only on â€œthe potential for irreparable injuryâ€� to OFS if noise-making or any other â€œinterruption in the operation of the Sturbridge plantâ€� continued.
â€œItâ€™s truly outrageous,â€� said CWA attorney Gay Semel, who recently sought federal court intervention in New York to avert phone company lay-offs while a job security dispute was being arbitrated. â€œWe canâ€™t enjoin employer actions that destroy peopleâ€™s lives, but they can enjoin whistling.â€�
CWA is reviewing its legal options, which include appealing Gortonâ€™s decision to the First Circuit Court of Appeals or challenging the order at a later hearing before the same judge on the merits of the companyâ€™s case. Meanwhile, Local 1365 members are taking a strike vote and continuing their campaign against contract concessions, despite the judgeâ€™s ruling.
About 50 members rallied May 2 outside the plant to oppose health care cost shifting, with signs saying, â€œCutting Our Medical Benefits Is A Sick Idea.â€� They were joined by representatives of the Teamsters, postal workers, Jobs With Justice, several central labor councils, and other CWA manufacturing locals.
The Massachusetts AFL-CIO has invited two OFS whistle-blowing martyrs -- stewards Bob Duszak and Bob Valcourt, who were both suspended -- to address a state-wide labor gathering in late May.
The OFS plant in Sturbridge was organized less than two years ago, when it was still owned by Lucent. It is now operated as a joint venture controlled by Furukawa Electric, a major Japanese firm. â€œThey donâ€™t want to accept the fact that this is a represented work force that they have to respect,â€� Duszak says.
Since 1991, more than 200 bargaining jobs have been eliminated in the plant as the market for fiber optic cable has contracted in the wake of the telecom bust. As negotiations with OFS continued in Washington -- and rumors of further lay-offs swept both its plants, CWA activists in Sturbridge were trying to expand the scope of their solidarity campaign through closer coordination with fellow workers in Georgia and contacts with the labor federation that represents Furukawa workers in Japan.
Gary Nilsson is president of CWA Local 1365. Steve Early is a CWA International representative who works with the local.