Bruce Alexander

When Rats Are Comfy in Their Cages, They Have Far Less Desire for Addictive Drugs

"One of the most polarizing issues in addiction theory has a ‘Chicken vs. Egg’ flavor to it : Does the process of addiction have personal and environmental roots that are operating long before a person begins to use drugs? Or is it better understood as a disorder in which overwhelmingly powerful substances kick start, in a necessary and sufficient way, the inexorable process of addiction? Bruce Alexander’s early research in ‘Rat Park’ is of great historical interest in the debate, and its conclusions continue to serve as critical food for thought, most recently in a controversial book by Johann Hari." —Richard Juman

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