Important care options for disabled being ignored

Recently the Oakland Tribune ran an article by Michele Marcucci that rehashes the squabble about closing state institutions for people with developmental disabilities and wrongly implies that these large, outdated institutions can offer the essentials of care that only community services can give. Both community homes and large institutions are capable of caring for the medical and physical needs of residents, but only in the community setting can people with disabilities experience all that life has to offer.

"It's a battle that has been brewing for decades: community care versus institutional care," Marcucci writes.

True enough. But it's the wrong battle. The more energy, time and money that both sides of this fight expend on trying to win it, the less is devoted to the real needs of people with developmental disabilities.

My older brother is severely mentally retarded and has behavioral problems. When he was thirteen and becoming increasingly unmanageable, my parents despaired over how they would continue to care for him. Their case manager told them that if they could not continue to care for him at home, their only choice was a developmental center, a large state institution. But they had heard of an after-school program that he could attend, which would give them some precious hours for work and taking care of their two young daughters. They decided that they could keep him at home. Many families did not have that choice in the eighties.

Though growing up with my brother was not easy, I am grateful that my parents managed to keep him out of an institution. When I visited the Sonoma Developmental Center eight years ago and imagined him confined within those walls, I finally understood the great contrast between institution life and the life that my brother has been able to have.

He now attends a day program for adults with developmental disabilities. He is in a small group that travels around in a van and does activities ranging from exploring a park to learning work skills. My brother meets all sorts of people, he discovers new places and he indulges his love of music and airplanes.

Institutions in their basic nature limit the life experiences and choices of people with disabilities. Often, even very medically fragile and/or profoundly mentally retarded people can live fully, make personal connections to other human beings, and benefit from the diverse experiences that living in the community offers.

Now, providing services in the community is the general rule, and these services have been growing and improving. Yet some family members of people with developmental disabilities and workers in the developmental centers are clinging to a system that has no future -- nor should it.

ACLU By ACLUSponsored

Imagine you've forgotten once again the difference between a gorilla and a chimpanzee, so you do a quick Google image search of “gorilla." But instead of finding images of adorable animals, photos of a Black couple pop up.

Is this just a glitch in the algorithm? Or, is Google an ad company, not an information company, that's replicating the discrimination of the world it operates in? How can this discrimination be addressed and who is accountable for it?

“These platforms are encoded with racism," says UCLA professor and best-selling author of Algorithms of Oppression, Dr. Safiya Noble. “The logic is racist and sexist because it would allow for these kinds of false, misleading, kinds of results to come to the fore…There are unfortunately thousands of examples now of harm that comes from algorithmic discrimination."

On At Liberty this week, Dr. Noble joined us to discuss what she calls “algorithmic oppression," and what needs to be done to end this kind of bias and dismantle systemic racism in software, predictive analytics, search platforms, surveillance systems, and other technologies.

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