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The Kenya Mall Attack Did Not Come Out of the Blue—Al-Shabab is Joined to Washington at the Hip

Our covert actions in Africa will have lots of unintended consequences.
 
 
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This may be a propitious moment to offer an up-to-date version of a classic riddle: Which came first, the chicken or the terrorist?  For many in this country, the Kenyan mall horror arrived out of the blue, out of nowhere, out of a place and a time without context.  Next thing you know, it’s all 24/7-ing on your TV set.  You can’t avoid it.  The grim news, the slaughter, the four-day stand-off, the “exclusive” video of destruction and death, the teary faces, the dramatic tales, the cruelty and the killing, the collapse of part of the building and  scenes of utter desolation, the shifting casualty counts, and suddenly, scores of  FBI agents -- from what once upon a time was a U.S. domestic law enforcement agency -- on the ground in distant Nairobi checking out biometric data in the rubble, and you’re being told about a  “direct threat” to “the homeland” from a scary Somali terror group called al-Shabab whose killers in Kenya may (or may not) have included  recruited Somali-Americansand even a British woman known as “ the white widow.” 

The idea that there was some history to all of this, that it involved Washington and the U.S. military,  secret CIA prisons and covert drone strikes, the funding, supplying, and organizing of proxy African troops, and the  thorough destabilizing of Somalia because Washington feared an Islamic group that was actually unifying the country -- out of which al-Shabab (“the youth”) emerged -- seems unbelievable, though it is simple fact.  And here’s a reality that you won’t see on your TV screen 24/7: if al-Shabab is a nightmare, history has joined it to Washington at the hip.  The particular kind of destabilization that gripped Somalia in the post-9/11 years, including a U.S.-inspired  Ethiopian invasion and years later a Kenyan version of the same, has now spread to Kenya itself.  As Nick Turse  has argued at this site, this sort of destabilization is now happening across the African continent.  The U.S. military, along with the CIA and U.S. intelligence, is moving  more deeplyinto Africa, and in the process, from Libya to the  Central African Republic, it is helping to turn the continent into Terror Central. 

Those scores of FBI agents combing the ruins in Nairobi (as well as the  beefed up CIA contingent now dealing with the situation) aren’t the answer to a sudden crisis.  They are signs of a long-term problem; they are the chicken to the terrorist egg -- and which came first almost doesn’t matter anymore.  If you decide that anyone, anywhere, on Earth can be an imminent “danger” to the homeland and you’ve already transformed the very idea of “national” defense into international defense, and nowhere is too far to go to “defend” yourself, then you are always going to be stirring things up in distant places in ways you don’t understand and with a hatful of unintended consequences. 

And don’t think that all of this is just so much seat-of-the-pants happenstance either.  The planning for America’s militarized African presence has been going on for years, even if beyond the sight of most Americans, as this site has  repeatedly reported.  Today,  TomDispatch regular David Vine explores another previously unnoted aspect of Washington’s preparations for future wars in a destabilizing Africa: a startling traffic jam of U.S. military bases in Italy.  Someday, in some unexpected way, the Italian base story will suddenly break big-time in the mainstream and, once again, it will seem to arrive out of the blue, out of nowhere, without any context, and everyone will be shocked, shocked (unless, of course, you read it first at TomDispatch).

 
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