One in Eight People Go Hungry As World's Richest Countries Gather for G8 Meeting
Photo Credit: Zurijeta/ Shutterstock
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It seems a long time since G8 leaders last gathered in the UK for their annual get-together. Back in 2005, we were at the height of a global boom and there was a real sense that this could be the summit to Make Poverty History.
I was proud to be a small part of the campaign that urged world leaders to boost aid, cancel debt and "make trade fair". We only got two out of three: debt and aid, and aid was not fully delivered. Yet despite that relative failure, the wins we did get made a massive difference to millions of the world's poorest people. To take just one example, 30% fewer children die of malaria in Africa than did in 2004 – that's 300,000 lives saved every year.
The week before the G8 convenes once again is a natural time to reminisce about the good old days but this is about more than nostalgia. Even in today's age of austerity, the G8 has a chance to build on the successes of the Gleneagles summit and, in particular, tackle the forgotten scandal of hunger.
A child dies every 10 seconds from malnutrition – not because their parents are reckless, stupid or lazy – but because they were unlucky enough to be born at a time and place where there is too little food available or, perhaps more tragically, where people cannot afford to buy the food that is.
One in eight people in the world will go to bed hungry tonight. That's 870 million people. The total population of the G8 is just 890 million. Just imagine the urgency to act if those 870 million lived in the G8 rather than in Africa, South Asia and other poor countries.
Since 2005, I've visited developing countries and campaigned with Oxfam at a number of G8 and G20 summits – pushing leaders to deliver on their promises to the poorest and seeing for myself the difference the money can make. In Tanzania, I met the charming and humbling villagers of Engare Sero, who explained to me that for them aid meant a grain bank so they no longer had to endure a life-sapping 10-day round trip for a single bag of maize. In Nairobi's Kibera slum I met girls as young as eight scavenging for food who were forced to give sexual favours to the criminals who controlled the dump so they could get to the fresher garbage as it was unloaded from the lorries.
At Tokyo and then Toronto leaders pledged again to deliver the aid they had promised, but with the notable exception of the UK, those expected to stump up significant sums have fallen short – increases, yes but billions shy of their promises.
In Cannes at the G20, we hoped a Robin Hood tax on banks might fill the gap – it still might. Eleven countries in Europe are pressing ahead with a financial transaction tax that could raise tens of billions from the sector that caused the economic crisis to help people in Europe and poor countries. The UK is not only not one of those countries, but George Osborne is going to court to block it.
This year's G8 is unlikely to see much movement on aid beyond the very welcome additional money for nutrition announced at last weekend's hunger summit. The UK has let it be known that this will not be a pledging summit. But that does not mean it cannot help the villagers of Engare Sero, the slum girls of Kibera and millions like them.