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Human Rights

Is a Small Island in the Indian Ocean Holding Prisoners in the War on Terror?

The expulsion of the people of Diego Garcia was covered up for years. Now officials block an investigation of its role in extraordinary rendition.
MPs and human rights groups have accused ministers of a coverup over government knowledge of rendition flights and the use of British military bases to hold suspects after the United States launched its war on terror more than six years ago.

Now ministers have blocked an attempt by an influential parliamentary committee to secure the release of secret military papers that they believe will reveal whether the British island territory of Diego Garcia was used as a detention center for rendition prisoners.

MPs from the All-Party Parliamentary Group on Extraordinary Rendition used powers under the Freedom of Information Act to request minutes of U.S./U.K. political military talks held in Washington in September last year.

But the government has refused to release the papers claiming that to do so "would prejudice the defense" of territory by "exposing plans to counter possible terrorist attacks." They also say it could damage diplomatic relations between Britain and America.

The Parliamentary Group chairman, Andrew Tyrie MP, says this is another example of government obfuscation in his committee's attempt to get to the truth about the use of state-sanctioned kidnapping on the British island. He has launched an appeal against the Foreign Office decision not to release the Diego Garcia documents.

"Coverup and obfuscation by the U.K. government have hampered efforts to discover the truth about British involvement in the U.S. rendition program from day one," he says. "There have been repeated allegations that the U.S. … has used the British territory of Diego Garcia in its rendition program. Yet the government has done next to nothing to investigate them, and continues to rely on U.S. assurances which have been called into question by the Intelligence and Security Committee."

The government has been careful to say as little as possible about what it does or doesn't know about U.S. "ghost flights" in which suspects are flown from secret prisons to third-party state detention centers. In the past it has relied on U.S. assurances that no British territory loaned to the Americans has or is being used to facilitate this illegal activity.

But the U.K. human rights charity Reprieve has uncovered credible evidence that it believes casts doubt on these assurances. In its report on rendition published last year it says that Diego Garcia has been the subject of repeated, credible and concurrent claims that the island has played a major role in the U.S. system of renditions and secret detention.

Reprieve submits that the United Kingdom's failure to conduct a prompt, independent and effective inquiry into these claims is a further clear breach of its duties under international and domestic law.

"Unlike the treatment of our clients who were apparently held there without charges or trial, we are very glad for the U.K. government to have a fair hearing before standing condemned of complicity in kidnapping and abuse of prisoners," says Clive Stafford Smith, director of Reprieve. "But they cannot simply refuse to hold a public hearing at all and expect us to believe their denials, when senior U.S. officials have more than once admitted that Diego Garcia has been used in the illegal rendition program."

"It is the policy of extraordinary rendition which damages the public interest, not allowing the truth to be told about it," says Tyrie. "That is why I am appealing against this decision and will continue to do what I can to uncover the truth about rendition and Diego Garcia."

In a separate move, the MPs have written to an American general asking him to give evidence about rendition on the Indian Ocean island. Gen. Barry McCaffrey has twice claimed in interviews with the media that detainees are being held by the U.S. military on the island.
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