That End-Of-Empire Feeling
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Is the United States in the last throes of empire?
That sounds like an ideologically loaded, fatalistic and defeatist question. But it's what I've been wondering about at the start of this holiday season.
Might future historians look back at the Bush II days and ask if this was the point when the country started slipping? Might the war in Iraq be regarded as a desperate act of a superpower that had already peaked? Will economists of the latter 21st century examine our economic decisions and say, "What were they thinking?" Or has the Grinch gotten to me?
Treasury Secretary John Snow says 'tis the season to be merry because the malls are crowded and the American economy, under the watchful gaze of George W. Bush, is on the move. But perhaps a touch of foreboding is merited. The White House and its conservative pals, trying to take advantage of the cheery season, have recently started a new campaign that claims Bush has been denied the credit for an economy that is expanding at a decent clip and that produced 215,000 jobs last month.
In fact, polls show that most Americans -- whether they're happy in the malls or not -- have a downbeat view of the economy. And there are solid reasons why Americans should not put aside concerns about the country's long-term economic prospects and why Bush should not be pronounced the savior of the American economy.
First, the correlation between presidential action (especially tax cuts) and economic performance is iffy. How many conservatives credited Bill Clinton, who raised taxes on the wealthy and balanced the budget, for the explosive economic boom that occurred in the 1990s? By contrast, the results -- and costs -- of a military invasion are easier to tie directly to a commander in chief than economic developments. If most of the public believes Bush deliberately misled the nation into a bad war -- which is what most do think at the present time -- then Americans can be excused for not hailing Bush for the uptick in economic numbers for which he might or might not bear responsibility.
Perhaps Americans also know -- or feel -- that wage growth has lagged behind GDP growth. Or that the growing economy is a hot-money economy fueled by reckless borrowing (which could be read as a sign of national fading glory). Nervous Nellies like Alan Greenspan warn that, despite the recent economic growth, Bush is driving the federal budget off a cliff by creating trillions of dollars of debt that will have to be paid off after he leaves office. The current fiscal policy and the ballooning federal deficits, Greenspan claims, are "unsustainable."
The outgoing Federal Reserve chairman is mostly fretting about a budget crunch that will be provoked by Medicare and Social Security obligations. But he also has noted that the growing trade deficit -- and the spiraling cost of servicing it -- poses a serious threat. A friend who is building a private equity fund for emerging markets summed up the macro situation for me this way: "What a great system. The Chinese lend us money to buy their goods. Then we have to pay back the loans with interest. They make money off us on both ends." Who are the better capitalists?
If the American economy is being hollowed out in age of globalization, do the traditional numbers -- jobs produced, the unemployment rate -- have the same meaning as they did in days of greater stability? Job creation may be up for the moment. But long-term job security and right-now health care security are less certain. Middle-class Americans can no longer expect to remain in a well-paying job for decades, as many American workers once assumed they would. Consider this: GM recently announced it will be dumping 30,000 jobs and closing several plants. Shortly after that, I heard CNN anchor Miles O'Brien gushing about a Toyota truck plant being built in San Antonio, Texas, that will create up to 2000 jobs payingÂ $9 toÂ $11 an hour. That's about $20,000 a year -- much less than what unionized autoworkers have made. Despite O'Brien's enthusiasm, this is hardly a tit for GM's tat.
Sure, some job creation is better than none. ButÂ considering the United States needs to create about 160,000 jobs a month to keep even with population growth, 215,000 is not a remarkable number. (Bush last week claimed credit for 4.5 million new jobs created in the past two and a half years. That's just about the keep-even number of 4.8 million or jobs.) Given all the legitimate concerns an American can (and should) have about the country's future economic well-being, the recent job spurt is not enough to warrant cries of "Thank you, George Bush."
You don't have to be a worrywart to wonder if Bush is ignoring -- or exacerbating -- trends that will undermine America's traditional economic dominance. Many economists -- Morgan Stanley's Stephen RoachÂ andÂ Max Sawicky , to name a few -- are sounding the alarm that if America doesn't change its borrowing ways, the nation is in for a hard landing.
Then, there's the war. Bush depicts it as an action crucial for the survival of the nation. Yet the nation -- or much of it -- does not buy that, and most Americans are alienated from an endeavor that is fundamentally redefining the country's relationship with the rest of the globe. They are not paying for the war. Nor are they rushing to join this grand effort. Recruitment has become a problem for the military. And the party that most supports the war -- the Republicans -- refuses to ask well-heeled American citizens to finance this project, which war-backers liken to World War II and the Cold War.
In fact, the GOPers push for more tax cuts for the wealthy, while seeking to reduce public funds for health care for the poor, food stamps, school lunches and other programs that benefit low-income people. Think about it. The elites of America -- the people who enjoy the benefits of this nation more than anyone -- are generally content to sit back, pocket the Bush tax cuts and do nothing to encourage their children to sign up for this noble crusade. Is there not a whiff of end-of-empire decadence to this? But let's not blame only the top-dwellers. This society across the board (certainly, much of the media) pays more attention to the new Xbox 360 than daily developments in Iraq.
One cynical TV show host recently groused to me: "Nobody cares about the war. I don't do shows on the war. It's all about getting through the holidays. Shopping -- that's what people care about." A shop-til-we-drop economy and a war that is sold on the cheap. Are these signs of increasing national greatness? Or -- bah, humbug- -- perhaps something else? Let's ask the folks at the mall.