Obama's Outrageous Christmas Gift to Fannie and Freddie
On Christmas night in 1776, George Washington led a surprise attack on a group of Hessian mercenaries employed by the British to suppress the American revolution. This was one of the biggest military victories of the Revolutionary War.
In the same spirit of surprise, the Obama administration announced on Christmas eve that it was removing the $400bn cap on Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac's access to the U.S. Treasury. The new draw is limitless. It also announced that the chief executives of the two government-controlled mortgage giants would be getting compensation packages worth $6m a year. This was another big blow for the financial sector in its effort to sap every last cent from the productive economy.
After throwing the economy into the worst downturn since the Great Depression and bringing the whole sector to the edge of collapse, the financial industry has used its political power to succor itself back to life. It is now stronger than ever.
In the last quarter, the financial sector accounted for 34% of all corporate profits, dwarfing the share reached in the mad days at the peak of the housing bubble. The economy might look bleak on Main Street, with double-digit unemployment rates and nearly 200,000 foreclosures a month, but they were dividing up $13bn in bonuses at Goldman Sachs this Christmas.
Most people already knows the various public pots that Goldman and the rest tapped to make themselves healthy and rich again. There was the $700bn troubled asset relief program (Tarp) loan fund, the hundreds of billions of dollars worth of guarantees that the FDIC provided to cover their borrowing at the peak of the crisis, and the trillions of dollars lent out by the Fed. However, the bottomless line of credit for Fannie and Freddie could prove to be the biggest pot of gold of all.
Fannie and Freddie both collapsed in September of 2008 when the bad mortgage debt they purchased at the peak of the bubble overwhelmed their reserves. The Treasury Department put them into conservatorship and gave each of the mortgage giants a $100bn line of credit to cover future losses. This level was raised to $200bn each earlier this year as losses ran higher than expected.
However, this increase was supposed to be just a safeguard. We were assured that actual losses would never approach these levels. That seems reasonable since the bulk of Fannie and Freddie's loans were prime, meaning that they came with either a 20% down payment or mortgage insurance. Even with a collapsing housing bubble it is difficult to lose too much on prime mortgages.