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What’s the Matter With Bans on Race- and Sex-Selective Abortion? Everything

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Written by Imani Gandy for RH Reality Check. This diary is cross-posted; commenters wishing to engage directly with the author should do so at the original post.

A particularly pernicious narrative about abortion rights is one that accuses pro-choice groups and abortion clinics of attempting to target "pre-born" minorities (and girls) for abortion, and dismissing as callously indifferent to the lives of "pre-born" minorities those who oppose efforts to ban so-called sex- and race-based abortion. 

The narrative, based upon an out-of-context quote by Margaret Sanger, the founder of Planned Parenthood, is as commonplace as it is false.  To hear anti-choice groups tell it, Margaret Sanger was a racist woman whose goal was to exterminate black babies and bring eugenics to the United States. This is, of course, nonsense.

According to the aggressively uninformed anti-choice crowd, Margaret Sanger proclaimed, "[W]e want to exterminate the Negro population."  The full context of the quote, however, belies the meaning anti-choicers ascribe to it.

As David Edwards of Raw Story pointed out last year, in a 1939 letter to pro-birth control advocate Clarence J. Gamble, Sanger argued that black leaders should be involved in the effort to deliver birth control to the black community: "We do not want word to go out that we want to exterminate the Negro population, and the minister is the man who can straighten out that idea if it ever occurs." Facts be damned, however, anti-choice groups wail about abortion being black genocide, or black babies being an endangered species. This "black genocide" narrative drives the debate over "race-selective" abortion laws that have been introduced during recent legislative sessions around the country and at the federal level. (Only two such laws passed: one in Kansas as part of an omnibus bill in 2012 ( SB 313), and one in Arizona in 2011 ( HB 2443). Currently, Indiana is considering a race-selective abortion ban ( HB 1430.)

 

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