Forced Pregnancy Testing: Blatant Discrimination and a Gross Violation of Human Rights
Earlier this month, news spread of a Louisiana charter school's policy that would have allowed faculty to force any student suspected of being pregnant to take a pregnancy test -- and, if the test came back positive, to force her to go on home study.
Forced pregnancy testing in schools is a gross violation of young women's fundamental human rights. Through legal advocacy, I have been working to get it recognized as such and outlawed -- in Tanzania, Kenya, Uganda, in my home country of Nigeria, and in other countries in the African region where it occurs. It is a shock to see a practice I've come to associate with schools in the developing world being replicated in the United States.
I have seen the consequences firsthand, and they are devastating. In secondary school, the older sister of a classmate, who was a year ahead of us, was found to be pregnant and expelled by school administrators. We eventually learned that she was the victim of a rape which occurred in her home, but she was too terrified to tell anyone what had happened. As is the case with many victims of this injustice, no other schools would accept her. Her hopes for a better future were doomed.
In Tanzania, where nearly 44 percent of girls have either given birth or are pregnant by the age of 19, school administrators across the country force schoolgirls to undergo demeaning pregnancy tests often just before completing primary school -- around the age of 11 -- and with increasing, and random, frequency throughout secondary school. Some girls must strip to their underwear to reveal physical signs of pregnancy. Others are coerced into taking urine-based pregnancy tests. No one can refuse to be examined or tested.
The impact is staggering, long-lasting, and far-reaching.