Abortion Stigma is Simply Discrimination: Here Is How We Get Rid of It
Last week, I attended the annual International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics conference in Italy. During the five days I was there, nearly 500,000 women had abortions. Many of these women faced stigma, a mechanism of social control used to dehumanize and devalue women who need, or decide, to terminate pregnancies.
When we began to examine the social construct of abortion stigma several years ago, we found that very little had been published. And yet, it's really the root of all barriers that women -- and even providers -- face to obtain or perform abortions. Why do we legally deprive women of a health care service that could safe their lives? Why are women forced to undergo a waiting period in order to get an abortion? Why are abortion clinics often separate from other reproductive health care clinics? Why do women trade safety for secrecy and turn to "back-alley" providers? And the questions go on...
Stigma contributes to the idea that women who have abortions are not the norm, although they are. The social construct of abortion stigma creates an "us-versus-them" mentality -- in spite of the fact that in the United States one in three women have abortions and a much higher share of all women globally terminate a pregnancy sometime during their reproductive lives, abortion is still constructed as something that is wrong, inappropriate, or deviant. Discriminating against women is therefore considered normal; 26 percent of women live in countries where abortion is legally restricted and many more live in places where they have to justify their abortion. If this isn't discrimination, I don't know what is.
"How can this decision be wrong?" asks Dr. Nozer Sheriar, a gynecologist in India. "How can any decision, choice or action taken by 43 million women each year around the world be wrong?" If all the women in the world who have had an abortion live together in one country, he points out, it would be the third most populous country in the world. Think about the level of discrimination against a group so large.