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Japan gears up for decisive election

Japanese PM Shinzo Abe (C) shakes hands with DPJ leader Banri Kaieda (L) and Japan Restoration Party's Toru Hashimoto
Japanese Prime Minister and ruling Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) leader Shinzo Abe (C) shakes hands with Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ) leader Banri Kaieda (L) and co-leader of Japan Restoration Party Toru Hashimoto prior to their political debate in To

Campaigning begins Thursday in an election expected to give Prime Minister Shinzo Abe an almost unbeatable hand, ushering in the stability he needs to fix Japan's floundering economy.

Voters nationwide will go to the polls on July 21 to elect half of the 242 seats in the upper house of parliament.

With approval ratings as high as 70 percent, Abe is expected to romp home, bagging control of both houses and leaving him with the prospect of no public vote for three years.

Supporters say he will use that political clout to force changes on cossetted and inefficient industries, like agriculture, and to cut a swathe through labour laws that businesses claim make it too difficult to hire and fire workers.

Japan's parliament
Graphic showing the make up of the Japanese parliament. Campaigning began Thursday ahead of nationwide polls on July 21 to elect half of the upper house.

Detractors say he will abandon the economic project of his first six months and get back on his hobby horse -- revising the constitution, boosting the military and re-assessing Japan's wartime history.

"We want to... stabilise politics and bring you the actual feeling (that the economy is picking up)," Abe said in a party leaders' debate Wednesday.

The opening months of the Abe administration have seen a blizzard of economic policies, starting with vast government spending programmes and a flood of easy money from the printing presses of the central bank.

The schema -- dubbed "Abenomics" -- is intended to be completed with reforms that the prime minister hopes will make it easier to do business in Japan.

Details are scant at present, but Abe's wish list includes lowered corporate taxes, special business zones in some big cities, more women in the workplace and Japan's participation in a mooted free trade area encircling the Pacific Ocean.

Visitors walk outside the controversial Yasukuni shrine in Tokyo, April 24, 2013
Visitors walk outside the Yasukuni shrine in Tokyo, April 24, 2013.

Abe said Wednesday he would also liberalise the electricity market, in a move supporters hope will free the country from the stranglehold of massive monopolistic utilities that generate and supply power.

Opponents say the premier's focus on the economy is a ruse designed to fool voters into giving him enough clout to change Japan's hallowed pacificist constitution.

They say with a majority in both houses, he will be free to bolster the country's already-well equipped armed forces and switch their role from that of "self defence force" to full-fledged military.

They point to visits by his ministers to Yasukuni shrine, the believed repository of the souls of around 2.5 million war dead -- including 14 leading war criminals -- and a place seen by Japan's Asian neighbours as a symbol of Tokyo's imperialist past.

No party currently controls the upper chamber, although the Democratic Party of Japan have been the largest single grouping over the last few years.

However, their drubbing in December's general election when Abe's Liberal Democratic Party swept to power, combined with vicious factional infighting has left them in disarray.

Businessmen cross a road in Tokyo on April 1, 2013
Businessmen cross a road in Tokyo on April 1, 2013. Voters nationwide will go to the polls on July 21 to elect half of the 242 seats in the upper house of parliament.

They and other challengers are struggling to find a coherent message to sell to voters, who have on the whole warmed to Abenomics and the green shoots of economic growth it has nurtured.

Their only trump card may be atomic power -- all the main opposition parties have pledged to end nuclear generation sooner or later, while Abe has said he wants reactors restarted once they pass new safety tests.

That will be the hardest sell and could prove his Achilles' heel in a country still badly scarred by the disaster at Fukushima.

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