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Israel mulls reprisals for Palestinian unity deal

Palestinian Fatah delegation chief Azzam al-Ahmed (left) celebrates with Hamas prime minister Ismail Haniya after a signing ceremony in Gaza City, on April 23, 2014
Palestinian Fatah delegation chief Azzam al-Ahmed (left) celebrates with Hamas prime minister Ismail Haniya after a signing ceremony in Gaza City, on April 23, 2014

Israel's security cabinet met Thursday to weigh its retaliation to a unity deal struck between the Palestinian leadership and the Hamas rulers of Gaza.

Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu reacted angrily to Wednesday's agreement between the rival factions accusing Palestinian president Mahmud Abbas of choosing "Hamas, not peace".

Public radio said ministers were likely to announce fresh retaliatory measures on top of a raft of financial sanctions unveiled this month when the Palestinians applied to join 15 international treaties.

They were not expected to order a complete halt to US-brokered peace talks with the Palestinians, however, despite the announcement by a Netanyahu aide of the cancellation of a scheduled meeting on Wednesday evening, the broadcaster said.

Palestinian gather to celebrate the agreement to form a unity government in Gaza City, on April 23, 2014
Palestinian gather to celebrate the agreement to form a unity government in Gaza City, on April 23, 2014

Netanyahu's office described the deal between Abbas and Hamas, which opposes all peace talks with Israel, as "very serious".

But it said it was for ministers to decide whether to announce any new measures after Thursday's meeting.

"By tying itself to Hamas, the Palestinian leadership is turning its back on peace," a Netanyahu aide said.

A close aide of Netanyahu, MP Tzahi Hanegbi, said Israel was unlikely to halt the US-brokered peace talks launched in July.

But Foreign Minister Avigdor Lieberman said that in his opinion an agreement was "impossible" while there is an alliance involving Hamas.

- Peace deal 'impossible' -

Palestinians shout slogans and hold a portrait of Palestinian president Mahmoud Abbas as they take part in a demonstration in support of a unity deal in Gaza City,   on April 23, 2014
Palestinians shout slogans and hold a portrait of Palestinian president Mahmoud Abbas as they take part in a demonstration in support of a unity deal in Gaza City, on April 23, 2014

Israel already announced on April 10 that it was freezing the transfer of some 80 million euros ($111 million) in taxes it collects on behalf of Abbas' Palestinian Authority, which account for some two-thirds of its revenues.

The deal between the Palestinian leadership and Hamas came as the US-led peace talks teetered on the brink of collapse just days before their scheduled April 29 conclusion.

US envoy Martin Indyk has held repeated meetings with the two sides in a last-ditch bid to salvage the negotiations.

Palestinian chief negotiator Saeb Erakat denied any three-way meeting has been planned for Wednesday but acknowledged Abbas would meet Indyk on Thursday without the Israelis.

Palestinian doctors treat a wounded child at a hospital following an air strike by Israeli warplanes in Beit Lahia, northern Gaza Strip, on April 23, 2014
Palestinian doctors treat a wounded child at a hospital following an air strike by Israeli warplanes in Beit Lahia, northern Gaza Strip, on April 23, 2014

US Secretary of State John Kerry was also set to speak with the Palestinian president on the phone Thursday afternoon, a day after Washington "disappointed" over the Palestinian deal.

In Ramallah, Abbas was set to begin consultations on the formation of a "national consensus government" he would head, comprised of independent members.

Abbas says he will not extend the negotiations unless Israel agrees to a freeze on all settlement construction in the occupied West Bank, including annexed east Jerusalem, and frees a group of Arab prisoners who had been earmarked for release this month.

He has also demanded the two sides launch straight into negotiations on the future borders of the Palestinians' promised state.

- US warning -

A file picture taken on August 4, 2013 shows Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu chairing a weekly cabinet meeting in Jerusalem
A file picture taken on August 4, 2013 shows Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu chairing a weekly cabinet meeting in Jerusalem

Israel has dismissed all three conditions as unacceptable.

Jibril Rajub, a Fatah leader, told AFP that "the next national consensus government will proclaim loud and clear that it accepts the Quartet's conditions".

The Middle East Quartet demands that Hamas recognise Israel and existing agreements between it and the PLO, and renounce armed struggle.

Washington warned Wednesday that the deal between the Palestinian leadership and Hamas threatened to scupper any chance of rescuing the talks.

"It's hard to see how Israel can be expected to negotiate with a government that does not believe in its right to exist," State Department spokeswoman Jen Psaki said.

Palestinians carry the national flag as they ride through the streets of Gaza to celebrate the agreement to form a unity government on April 23, 2014
Palestinians carry the national flag as they ride through the streets of Gaza to celebrate the agreement to form a unity government on April 23, 2014

Abbas's writ has effectively been confined to autonomous areas of the Israeli-occupied West Bank since Hamas evicted his loyalists from Gaza in 2007.

Hamas agreed on Wednesday to the formation of a joint administration under his leadership within five weeks.

Similar agreements have been reached in the past, but the latest deal sparked celebration on the streets of Gaza.

On Thursday, the PLO delegation to Gaza briefed Palestinian factions on the reconciliation agreement.

And Hamas premier Ismail Haniyeh called Qatari, Tunisian and Turkish leaders to fill them in on the unity deal, said the Al-Rai news agency, run by the territory's Islamist rulers.

When Hamas swept Palestinian parliamentary elections in 2006, the European Union and the United States said they would deal with a government in which it participated only if it renounced violence and recognised Israel and past peace deals.

Washington reaffirmed that position on Wednesday.

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