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Iran commander killed, jets downed in blow for Syria regime

Iranians carry the coffin of Hassan Shateri (portrait) during his funeral procession in Tehran, on February 14, 2013
Iranians carry the coffin of commander Hassan Shateri (portrait) during his funeral procession in Tehran, on February 14, 2013. Shateri was shot dead while he was travelling by road in Syria towards the Lebanese capital Beirut on February 13.

Gunmen killed an Iranian commander in Syria and rebels shot down two fighter jets and overran a town on Thursday, dealing further setbacks for forces loyal to President Bashar al-Assad.

The ambush that killed the Revolutionary Guards commander, the downing of the aircraft in the northwest and the seizure of the town of Shadadeh near the Iraqi border amounted to four straight days of battlefield successes for the rebellion.

The insurgents overran a military air base in Aleppo province on Tuesday, after taking control of Syria's largest dam in the neighbouring province of Raqa the day before.

The latest setbacks came after US Secretary of State John Kerry said Assad needed to abandon hopes of riding out the war and accept the "inevitability" of his departure.

Iranian commander Hassan Shateri was shot dead while he was travelling by road from Damascus to Beirut
An image made available by Iran's Fars News agency shows Iranian commander Hassan Shateri -- who was shot dead while he was travelling by road from Damascus to Beirut.

On Thursday, Iran's Revolutionary Guards said one of its commanders, Hassan Shateri, was "martyred... at the hands of Zionist regime mercenaries and backers" while travelling by road between Damascus and Beirut.

The Guards said he had also headed the Iranian Committee for the Reconstruction of Lebanon, and the Iranian embassy in Beirut gave a similar account.

Iranian Foreign Minister Ali Akbar Salehi strongly condemned the killing as a "terrorist act" and paid tribute to "this commander of Islam and his tireless efforts in reconstruction."

A strong ally of the Damascus regime, Tehran often refers to rebels fighting Assad's troops as "terrorists" with ties to arch-foe Israel.

Syria's rebellion flared after Assad's forces launched a bloody crackdown on peaceful democracy protests that erupted in March 2011, inspired by the Arab Spring uprisings, but it has become increasingly dominated by Islamist groups.

Syrians inspect damage after an airstrike on the town of Hass, where more than 10 people died on February 14, 2013
Syrians inspect the damage following an airstrike on the town of Hass, west of Maarat al-Numan, in the northern province of Idlib, where more than 10 people were killed, including four children, on February 14, 2013.

In London, British Foreign Secretary William Hague warned that Islamist militants from Western countries who had gone to fight in Syria could launch terrorist attacks when they return.

Hague said Syria had become the "number one destination" for jihadists worldwide.

One of the most prominent radical Islamist groups, the Al-Nusra Front, took the town of Shadadeh in the oil-rich northeastern province of Hasakeh on Thursday.

"After three days of fierce battles against the army, Al-Nusra Front fighters have seized control of Shadadeh," said the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights.

Fighting and car bombings by the jihadists killed more than 100 troops in three days, during which 30 Al-Nusra Front fighters also died, five of whom were from Kuwait, said the Observatory.

A girl cries after hearing her siblings died in an air strike on the town of Hass, Syria, on February 14, 2013
A girl cries outside a hospital in Kfar Nubul after hearing confirmation that her siblings died in an air strike on the town of Hass, in the northern Syrian province of Idlib, on February 14, 2013.

Elsewhere, the army made its own advances, taking a district in the central city of Homs after weeks of heavy clashes.

The victory comes a week after the army took control of Kafraya on the southwestern outskirts of Homs, a city opposition activists refer as "the capital of the revolution."

In Washington, Kerry said the death toll from the conflict may have reached 90,000, citing figures provided by his Saudi counterpart Prince Saud al-Faisal -- sharply up on recent UN estimates of nearly 70,000 people killed.

Kerry had earlier suggested taking renewed steps to urge Syrian ally Russia to bring more pressure on Assad to quit, after Moscow insisted it was ready to host talks with both sides.

A Syrian woman looks through a bus window in the northern city of Aleppo on February 14, 2013
A Syrian woman looks through a bus window in the northern city of Aleppo on February 14, 2013.

Syria welcomed Russia's invitation, while stressing its foreign minister would not meet Ahmed Moaz al-Khatib, the opposition chief who has offered to hold peace talks with regime officials without blood on their hands.

Saudi pan-Arab daily Asharq al-Awsat, meanwhile, reported that a new peace plan involving the creation of a 140-member senate to oversee a power transition was doing the rounds at the United Nations.

It said it had obtained a copy of the plan which had been drafted "under UN supervision," with the participation of the Syria-based opposition tolerated by Damascus.

However, the UN chief's deputy spokesman Eduardo del Buey dismissed the report, saying: "That report as far as I am concerned does not have any validity."

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