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Huge crowds mourn Cambodia's beloved former king

Buddhist monks pray during a funeral procession for Norodom Sihanouk in Phnom Penh, on February 1, 2013
Cambodian Buddhist monks pray in front of the Royal float during a funeral procession for the late former King Norodom Sihanouk in front of the Royal Palace in Phnom Penh, on February 1, 2013. A sea of mourners have filled the streets of the Cambodian cap

A sea of mourners filled the streets of the Cambodian capital Friday for a lavish funeral for revered former king Norodom Sihanouk, who towered over six tumultuous decades in his nation's history.

Hundreds of thousands of Cambodians, dressed in black and white, began massing before dawn to pay their respects to the mercurial monarch, who died of a heart attack in Beijing in October, aged 89.

The legions of mourners, many weeping and holding their hands together in a mark of respect, waited by the roadside as the procession inched through the city's avenues, flanked by courtiers in white traditional costume.

The turbulent political life of Norodom Sihanouk
Graphic showing a timeline of events in the life of former Cambodian king Norodom Sihanouk.

A father of 14 children over six marriages, Sihanouk abdicated in 2004 after steering Cambodia through six decades marked by independence from France, civil war, the murderous Khmer Rouge regime, his own exile and finally peace.

Many elderly Cambodians credit him with overseeing a rare period of political stability in the 1950s and 1960s, following independence, until the Khmer Rouge emerged in the 1970s.

Up to two million people died under their reign of terror, including five of Sihanouk's own children. But even though the ever-changeable monarch had allied himself with the Maoist movement, he never lost his people's veneration.

Cambodian soldiers fire a 101-gun salute during a funeral procession in Phnom Penh, on February 1, 2013
Cambodian soldiers fire a 101-gun salute during a funeral procession in front of the Royal Palace in Phnom Penh, on February 1, 2013.

"He did great things for the country. I love him very much. I'm really sad that we've lost him," 70-year-old Suon Toch told AFP as he waited near the palace with his family, holding a portrait of the late royal.

Sihanouk's widow Monique, dabbing her teary eyes, walked behind the golden casket earlier as it was brought out of the royal palace in Phnom Penh, accompanied by their son, King Norodom Sihamoni.

A 101-gun salute marked the start of the elaborate procession to honour the ex-king, who was placed on the throne by the French at the age of just 18 but swiftly developed into a canny political survivor.

The coffin of king Norodom Sihanouk is lifted onto a chariot in front of the Royal Palace on February 1, 2013
The coffin of the late former king Norodom Sihanouk is lifted onto a chariot in front of the Royal Palace during his funeral procession in Phnom Penh, on February 1, 2013.

With two monks riding a float shaped as a mythological bird at the head of the procession, the body of the late monarch was paraded through the capital, before being taken to a specially built crematorium in a city park.

Giant screens were erected for people to watch the ceremony on the outskirts of the city.

Sihanouk -- a self-confessed "naughty boy" who loved to direct films, write poetry and compose songs -- remained hugely popular among Cambodians. But his record is not without controversy.

After being ousted by the US-backed General Lon Nol in 1970, he aligned himself with the Khmer Rouge, only to be placed under house arrest as the communist regime terrorised the nation.

A Cambodian woman cries during a funeral procession for Norodom Sihanouk in Phnom Penh, on February 1, 2013
A Cambodian woman cries during a funeral procession for the late former King Norodom Sihanouk in front of the Royal Palace in Phnom Penh, on February 1, 2013.

Before the Vietnamese toppled the Khmer Rouge in 1979, Sihanouk took exile in China. He regained his throne in 1993, although his influence was greatly diminished.

Observers say his passing is likely to further diminish the influence of the monarchy in a country that is now at peace but is dominated by strongman Prime Minister Hun Sen, whose government is regularly accused of suppressing political freedoms.

In stark contrast to his father, the current King Sihamoni has taken a quieter role in Cambodian life since ascending to the throne in 2004, preferring to carry out his ceremonial duties rather than engage in the political jousting that characterised Sihanouk's long reign.

"Sihamoni is childless. The royalist party is in shreds," said historian and Cambodia expert David Chandler.

The coffin (centre) of ex-king Norodom Sihanouk is seen during his funeral procession in Phnom Penh, on February 1, 2013
The coffin (centre) of former King Norodom Sihanouk is seen during his funeral procession in front of the Royal Palace in Phnom Penh, on February 1, 2013.

Ordinary people "loved Sihanouk, to an extent, and I think elderly people like the idea of there being a king, but Hun Sen and the younger generations couldn't care less," he said.

Cambodian television showed images of 61-year-old Hun Sen -- who has ruled since 1985 and vowed to stay in power until he is 90 -- using his smartphone while sitting on one of the funeral floats.

For the past three months Sihanouk's body -- embalmed with the help of Chinese experts -- has been lying in state in the royal palace, where foreign leaders and members of the public have paid their respects.

It will be kept at the cremation site until Monday when his wife and King Sihamoni are expected to light the pyre.

After the cremation Sihanouk's remains will be placed in a gold-coloured urn inside the royal palace, in line with his wishes.

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