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Dutch to enthrone '21st-century king' Willem-Alexander

Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands walks with her son Prince Willem-Alexander and his wife Princess Maxima, April 29, 2013
Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands (C) arrives on April 29, 2013 with her son Prince Willem-Alexander (R) and his wife Princess Maxima to attend a dinner at the National Museum in Amsterdam on the eve of her abdication.

Dutch Crown Prince Willem-Alexander becomes Europe's youngest monarch on Tuesday when his mother, Queen Beatrix, abdicates and his country hails the avowedly 21st-century king with a massive, orange-hued party.

Willem-Alexander, 46, will be the first Dutch king since 1890 and the first of a new wave of relatively youthful European monarchs, with future kings and queens, including Britain's Prince Charles, attending.

Beatrix, 75, bade farewell to the nation in her role as queen in a televised address to the nation late Monday, before becoming a mere princess again.

"Not power, nor personal will, nor hereditary authority, but only the will to serve the community can give substance to a contemporary monarchy," said an emotional Beatrix.

The Dutch Royal Family
Factfile on the Dutch Royal Family featuring map of the Netherlands and a family tree.

Willem-Alexander is well-prepared for the task ahead of him and will stand above party and group interests, she said.

Amsterdam's population is set to double with at least 800,000 visitors flooding the city's streets and canals as Beatrix ends her 33-year reign by signing the act of abdication at the royal palace.

Some fanatics spent the night opposite the palace on Dam Square in the hope of having a good view of the royal balcony, while partygoers from across Netherlands descended on the capital.

Nico Silberie, 25, from Aruba, a Caribbean nation that forms part of the kingdom of the Netherlands, was on a tram to Amsterdam with friends, many wearing orange paper crowns, after celebrating Queen's Night on Monday.

"We have partied through the night and now we're heading to Amsterdam," he said.

Over 10,000 police have been deployed in Amsterdam, and bomb-sniffing dogs carried out last-minute security checks for the expected 25,000 orange-clad crown on Dam Square.

People celebrate in Dam Square, Amsterdam, on April 29, 2013
People celebrate in Dam Square, Amsterdam, on April 29, 2013, the night before the abdication of Queen Beatrix and the crowning of King Willem-Alexander.

Authorities have closed off Amsterdam airspace to civilian aircraft for three days and issued strict orders prohibiting the use of drones, with rooftop snipers keeping a watchful eye.

Official farewells to Beatrix included a sumptuous gala dinner at the city's landmark Rijksmuseum on Monday evening, attended by top royals from around the world.

While Beatrix was known for her formal court, Willem-Alexander has already said that he will not be a "protocol fetishist".

The king will be sworn in rather than crowned at deconsecrated church Nieuwe Kerk, a stone's throw from the palace, before a joint session of the houses of parliament.

A who's who of royals-in-waiting, including Britain's Prince Charles, Spain's Prince Felipe and Japan's Prince Naruhito and his wife, Crown Princess Masako, are attending the ceremony.

Dutch anti-Monarchy activists prepare banners for a demonstration in The Hague, April 29, 2013
Members of a Dutch anti-Monarchy activist group 'Het is 2013' prepare banners for a demonstration against the upcoming investiture of the country's new King, in The Hague, Netherlands, on April 29, 2013.

Princess Masako is on her first trip abroad in nearly seven years, while Prince Charles also attended Beatrix's enthronement in 1980.

That day was marred by violent protests and running street battles over a housing crisis that left the city looking like a war zone.

Anti-royalists this time have been allotted six locations in Amsterdam to stage protests. But only one has been booked by Republicans planning playful protests, including by wearing white.

Preparations for the day have been overshadowed by a rancorous debate about the event's official song, known as the Koningslied, which many considered ill-fitting, with its mix of traditional and rap music.

The nation will now sing the Koningslied as one on Tuesday evening, just before the royal family heads off on a water pageant behind Amsterdam's central train station.

The day will also be tinged with sadness for Maxima, whose father, Jorge Zorreguieta, and mother will be notable by their absence.

Zorreguieta, 85, a minister under the notorious Argentine regime of general Jorge Videla in the 1970s, also had to miss his daughter's 2002 marriage because of doubts over his role in the murderous junta.

Maxima is largely responsible for having made her husband popular after an allegedly boozy youth which earned him the nickname "Prince Pils".

Ever smiling, she has mastered the Dutch language and even taken a charity swim in Amsterdam's canals, endearing herself further in a country that expects their royals to be at once normal and regal.

Speaking ahead of the enthronement, Willem-Alexander said that "people can address me as they wish because then they can feel comfortable."

He stressed he wanted to "be a king that can bring society together, representative and encouraging in the 21st century".