5 Reasons the West Virginia Chemical Spill Should Concern You, Regardless of Where You Live
Photo Credit: AFP
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Most of us in the U.S. are lucky enough to have clean water come out of our taps every day; so lucky that we often don’t think about where our water is coming from and who's in charge of making sure it’s safe.
Over 300,000 West Virginians impacted by a chemical spill last week got a reminder of how integral clean water is to our daily lives and livelihoods. But if we dismiss what happened there as an isolated accident or simply a problem that people in resource-heavy areas like West Virginia have to deal with, we’d be mistaken. In the week since the spill, some startling information has come to light that should make us shake in our boots, regardless of where we live.
1. What the hell is that chemical?
The chemical that spilled into the Elk River from Freedom Industries’ tank farm was 4-methylcyclohexanemethanol (MCHM). We don't know much else, however, since material safety sheets and toxicology databases don’t have much info, as Ken Ward Jr. writes for the West Virginia Gazette. And that is cause for concern. Ward writes:
… some emergency response and environmental protection officials have been quick to assure the public that 4-methylcyclohexanemethanol isn't "hazardous." They've made that statement based on one limited piece of evidence: the fact that it's not listed as a material whose shipment is regulated by the federal Department of Transportation.
However, the material-safety data sheet, or MSDS, being cited by some of those same officials indicates that the substance is considered hazardous under other regulatory standards, such as those set by the U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration.
While CDC officials announced what they believed was a safe level of the chemical, they didn’t say how they arrived at their conclusion. The fact is, no matter where you live, there are tens of thousands of chemicals we may come in contact with that have not been tested by the EPA. The chemicals are only as safe as the companies that make them say they are. Do you want to take their word for it?
2. Safe or not?
Even though the go-ahead was given to some portions of the affected area to begin drinking water again, health concerns persist. Marcus Constantino reported for the Charleston Daily Mail that, “Area emergency rooms are seeing an influx of patients reporting symptoms related to exposure to chemical-tainted water, despite the fact that West Virginia American Water has deemed water in many areas safe to use.” Some of the people visiting local emergency rooms with symptoms reported that their water was cleared as safe to drink.
3. Whose fault?
Investigations after the incident will likely point the finger to a variety of places as important questions are raised. Why was a chemical storage facility sited so close to a water source for hundreds of thousands of people? Why was there no secondary containment to prevent a spill from entering the waterway? How long was it leaking and why didn’t the company notify authorities? And considering the proximity to the water source, why was there no emergency management plan?
We learned that the last time the facility was inspected by the Department of Environmental Protection was 1991. “Freedom Industries' tanks don't fall under an inspection program and the chemicals stored at the facility weren't considered hazardous enough to require environmental permitting,” the AP reported.
Even so, authorities should have known what was at the facility. “Every year since at least 2008, Freedom Industries told state and local officials that the company's Etowah Terminal stored up to 1 million pounds of Crude MCHM at its Elk River facility,” writes Ken Ward Jr. for the Charleston Gazette. That information, Ward writes, is disclosed as part of the Emergency Planning and Community Right to Know Act — designed so localities can know what to do in the case of an emergency or a spill.