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JPMorgan Chase's Debt Collection Agency's Sleazy Tactics to Squeeze Student Loans Debtors of Their Last Cash

First, the big banks create debt. Then they get paid to collect it.

JPMorgan Chase may have cut back on its private student lending, but the megabank is still making plenty of money on student debt.

In addition to some $9 billion [PDF] in taxpayer-subsidized Federal Family Education Loans and untold millions in private student loans, JPMorgan, the country's biggest bank by assets, has a private equity arm, One Equity Partners. In turn, One Equity Partners owns NCO Group, a debt collector that makes millions of dollars a year from the federal government to collect on students who've defaulted on their loans. And that taxpayer money is paying for some pretty abusive practices.

In 2009, Jason Fagone at Philadelphia Magazine reported on one woman's experience with NCO as it tried to collect the $9,000 that her husband, at the time on active duty in Iraq, owed for school. At the time, Tara Burkholder told Fagone, she was working for free as a student teacher and had $92 in her checking account and a daughter to care for.

“The NCO lady told Tara it was time for her to give up on her dream of being a teacher, and get a paying job immediately: 'Honey, sometimes we have to do things that we need to do.' The lady also told Tara that NCO had contacted her husband’s commanding officer in Iraq, and that if she didn’t pay back the loan, her husband would be dishonorably discharged from the Army.”

Burkholder's story is hardly the only one. In the past three years, according to a report [PDF] from the National Consumer Law Center, there have been 1,116 complaints to the Better Business Bureau about abusive practices from NCO. Last February, the company settled with attorneys general from 19 states, paying $575,000 to quiet complaints about its collection practices and setting aside $50,000 per state to reimburse consumers who have wrongly paid NCO for debts they didn't actually owe. That's right, people were being pushed to pay and in some cases paid back money they didn't owe in the first place.

In 2004, before it became a JPMorgan subsidiary, NCO Group paid the largest settlement to date to settle charges from the Federal Trade Commission that it violated the Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA). It paid $1.5 million after the FTC accused them of using later-than-actual delinquency dates on debts it was collecting, which meant that people with debts were stuck with those debts on their credit report for longer than is legal.

Fagone noted that he found reports of deception, of allegations that NCO collectors lied, berated family members, disclosed private information, threatened to garnish wages. One blogger who sued NCO wrote that the collector told his wife that they'd sell her home. NCO denied using these illegal tactics.

But in Texas this summer, the burger chain Whataburger sued NCO because of its collection efforts toward one of its employees, saying that the calls to the employee's workplace “amount to a campaign of harassment” against Whataburger that is “unreasonable” and “reckless.” The company issued a cease-and-desist letter after repeated calls, more than 50 in all, started coming in to its toll-free number in search of an unnamed employee. The calls kept coming, in violation of the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act, and Whataburger wants $1,000 in damages per call.

A San Antonio lawyer who defends debt-collection cases told the Houston Chronicle that debt collectors regularly call debtors at work, attempting to make people fear for their jobs.

“Combining banks, private equity and debt collection creates a toxic beast designed to plunder taxpayer dollars and impoverish young people while draining billions out of higher education,” Stephen Lerner, who directed the Service Employees International Union's campaign against private equity, told AlterNet. “The worst players in the economy joined together to feed off of every possible level of student debt.”

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