Guatemalan President Praises CO and WA for Marijuana Legalization at UN Speech
Photo Credit: By Surizar (http://www.flickr.com/photos/puchica/1878599910/) [CC-BY-SA-2.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons
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Ending the failed war on drugs emerged as a major theme of the United Nations General Assembly meeting this week, after Guatemalan President Otto Pérez Molina took the floor yesterday to denounce drug prohibition and urge the world’s leaders to experiment with “new models” for controlling drugs.
In his address, President Pérez Molina made a forceful plea to end the insanity of current drug war policies, declaring “that the war against drugs has not borne the desired results, and that we cannot continue doing the same, waiting for different results.”
The Guatemalan leader went on to praise the voters of Colorado and Washington for making history last November with their “visionary decision” to legalize and regulate marijuana, as well as President Obama for doing the right thing and “respecting the voice of the citizens of Colorado and Washington, to allow these innovative experiences to provide results.”
President Pérez Molina also commended Uruguayan President José Mujica for proposing groundbreaking legislation “that regulates the market of cannabis instead of following the failed route of prohibition.” The marijuana legalization bill has passed Uruguay’s House and is expected to sail through the Senate when considered next month – which would make Uruguay the first nation in the world to legalize the production, distribution and sale of marijuana among adult recreational consumers.
Apart from the General Assembly, President Pérez Molina held private meetings yesterday with President Mujica and with New Zealand Prime Minister John Key – whose country’s Parliament enacted a first-of-its-kind law this summer to regulate and control (rather than criminalize) so-called “new synthetic drugs” for recreational use.
While President Pérez Molina’s remarks made the biggest waves, he was not the only Latin American head-of-state to call on the UN to end the global war on drugs. Using similar language as their Guatemalan counterpart, Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos and Costa Rican President Laura Chinchilla both criticized the failed drug war in their speeches on Tuesday – and called for new drug policies grounded in principles of health, human rights and harm reduction.
For her part, President Chinchilla affirmed that Costa Rica “joins the call from other States from our region, such as Mexico and Guatemala, to re-evaluate internationally agreed-upon policies in search of more effective responses to drug trafficking, from a perspective of health, a framework of respect for human rights, and a perspective of harm reduction” – a consensus statement that was developed and endorsed by all three presidents and by Mexican President Enrique Peña Nieto. President Pérez Molina echoed this language in his own speech yesterday – as did Mexican Foreign Affairs Minister José Antonio Meade Kuribreña, who addressed the UN on behalf of President Peña Nieto yesterday, adding that the statement was also supported by Chile, Paraguay and others.
President Santos didn’t mince words when he condemned the drug war’s catastrophic consequences, of which his country has suffered a disproportionate share. He stated: “Right here, in this same headquarters, 52 years ago, the Convention that gave the birth certificate to the war on drugs was approved. Today, we must acknowledge, that war has not been won. And I say this as the president of the country which has suffered more deaths, more blood and more sacrifices in this war.” Santos said matter-of-factly that, were it not for the war on drugs, his country’s half-century-long internal conflict would have ended long ago.
The Colombian president concluded by urging, “If we act together on the drug problem, with a comprehensive vision devoid of ideological or political biases, we will be able to prevent much harm and violence!”